What is Vajrayana buddhism?
Vajrayana, (Sanskrit: “Thunderbolt Vehicle” or “Diamond Vehicle”) kind of Tantric Buddhism that established in India and neighbouring nations, significantly Tibet. Vajrayana, in the history of Buddhism, marks the transition from Mahayana speculative thought to the enactment of Buddhist ideas in specific life. The term vajra (Sanskrit: “thunderbolt,” or “diamond”) is utilized to represent the absolutely genuine and indestructible in a human being, instead of the fictions a person entertains about himself and his nature; yana is the spiritual pursuit of the eventually valuable and indestructible.
Other names for this type of Buddhism are Mantrayana (“Vehicle of the Mantra”), which describes making use of the mantra to prevent the mind from going astray into the world of its fictions and their attendant verbiage and to stay conscious of truth as such; and Guhyamantrayana, in which the word guhya (“concealed”) refers not to concealment but to the intangibility of the procedure of ending up being conscious of reality.
Philosophically speaking, Vajrayana embodies concepts of both the Yogachara discipline, which emphasizes the ultimacy of mind, and the Madhyamika philosophy, which undermines any effort to presume a relativistic concept as the supreme. Dealing with inner experiences, the Vajrayana texts utilize a highly symbolic language that targets at assisting the followers of its disciplines to evoke within themselves experiences considered to be the most valuable offered to people. Vajrayana hence tries to recapture the knowledge experience of the historical Buddha.
In the Tantric view, enlightenment emerges from the realization that relatively opposite principles remain in truth one. The passive ideas shunyata (“emptiness”) and prajna (“wisdom”), for example, must be resolved with the active karuna (“compassion”) and upaya (“skillful methods”). This fundamental polarity and its resolution are often expressed through signs of sexuality (see yab-yum).
The historical origin of Vajrayana is unclear, except that it accompanied the spread of the mentalistic schools of Buddhism. It flourished from the 6th to the 11th century and applied a lasting impact on the neighbouring countries of India. The rich visual arts of Vajrayana reach their conclusion in the sacred mandala, a representation of deep space used as a help for meditation.